Friday, May 22, 2020

Philosopher Karl Popper And Empirical Falsification

Philosopher Karl Popper is widely known for his rejection of classical inductivism, the idea that scientific knowledge is derived only from observation, and also his support of empirical falsification, the idea that scientific theories cannot be proven correct, but they can be proven false. In other words, empirical falsification means that theories can and should be closely and thoroughly examined by decisive experiments. In Popper’s view, a claim must be falsifiable, or testable, in order for it to be scientifically true; if a hypothesis cannot be refuted, then it is not a scientific claim. Untestable ideas and theories within science are dubbed â€Å"pseudo-science† by Popper, because they have no falsification. Things like Anthropology and†¦show more content†¦Alternatively, the proclamation â€Å"the Earth is flat† is scientific because it can be proven to be false through scientific investigation. Popper came up with the term â€Å"Critical Ration alist†, an expression to describe his ideology. Critical rationalists believe that hypothesis and theories should be criticized in a rational way and should be tested in a way that they can be proven to be false. Popper was inspired to come up with his idea of falsification because of the many advances happening in the Western scientific world while he was growing up in the early 1900’s. Growing up in this time, Popper was intrigued by the psychoanalytic theories of Sigmund Freud and even attended lectures of Albert Einstein about the rules of the universe. He noticed that these distinguished thinkers used different methods within their work. Freud could make almost any piece of data work in favor of his theory. To illustrate, he could explain someone’s intimacy issues both in terms of not being hugged enough as a child or in terms of being hugged too much. Evidence to support his claims were all around. Contrary to Freud, Popper noticed that Einstein was making a different kind of prediction. Instead of looking in the past to â€Å"predict† the present like Freud, he was looking ahead to predict things in the future. Popper saw Einstein’s method to be extremely ri sky because if theShow MoreRelatedScientific Method and Sir Karl Popper1407 Words   |  6 PagesSir Karl Popper, challenging the status quo, inspiring generations to ponder on the meaning of science, the methods to find truth, is one of the most influential philosophers of the 20th century. Of particular importance to scientific methods of inquiry is the brawl between the development of theory and the criteria for science. In Popper’s own words, it is in this brawl that Popper decided to â€Å"grapple with the problem: When should a theory be ranked as scientific? or Is there a criterion for theRead MoreAn Methodology Suitable For Scientific Education958 Words   |  4 Pagesissue of determining which scientific methods will result in empirical truths The following essay aims to discuss the most appropriate methodology suitable for scientific education, and by doing so discusses the various limitations of both overarching methods, induction and deduction. In this essay, Alan Chalmers (What Is This Thing Called Science?, 1976, p. 1) will be used to present a common inductive view on science, whereas Karl Popper’s, Hypothetico Deductivism method will portray a deductiveRead MoreKarl Popper s Philosophy Of Science1663 Words   |  7 PagesWhen one gets asked, â€Å"what is science?† The answer may seem straightforward: biology, physics, chemistry, etc. However, asking the same question to a philosopher, the answer is completely different. In other words, Philosophers are not asking for a mere list of sciences but, are seeking to answer one specific question: What is it that makes something a science. In further detail, the Philosophy of science is a branch of philosophy concerned with the foundations, methods, and implications of scienceRead MoreSOLVING THE DEMARCATION PROBLEM USING THREE THEORIES Essay2230 Words   |  9 Pagesdemarcation problem, or the problem of distinguishing between science and non-science, and how all three of them need to be combined in order to truly solve this problem. First, I will explain each of the three different theories proposed by A.J. Ayer, Karl Popper, and Paul Thagard, these philosopher’s arguments for each of these theories, and an example of using each theory. Then, I will explain why all three of these theories need to be combined by showing examples of how each individual theory incorrectlyRead MoreThe Logic Of Scientific Discovery2172 Words   |  9 PagesUniversity of London, Karl Popper translated his own original version of The Logic of Scientific Discovery, which was originally called Logik der Forschung, to English (Stuerm ann). One statement that he makes, even before the actual text begins, is how hard answering questions and ideas in philosophy are is compared to other fields, such as the physical sciences. Compared to a physicist, for example, that is trying to prove a point by solving an equation,, Popper believes that â€Å"a philosopher finds himselfRead MoreThe Problem Of Induction And Its Metaphysical Implications1474 Words   |  6 Pagesknowledge so what does this mean for epistemology and metaphysics? There have been many attempts, by many noteworthy philosophers, to solve this problem of induction and so far none have prevailed. In his book, Objective Knowledge, Karl Popper claims to have solved the problem of induction with his method of falsification. This essay will aim to analyse Popper’s method of falsification with regard to induction and discuss what it means for knowledge and its metaphysical implications. In order to analyseRead MoreInduction As A General Law Or Principle From The Observation Of Particular Instances ( Induction )1707 Words   |  7 Pagesprinciple from the observation of particular instances (Induction). Despite their reasoning’s, philosophers such as Hume and Popper have publicly voiced their disagreement and concerns with induction. Hume’s concern with casual connection and the uncertainty of something when individual has not personally experienced that given experience has lead me to contemplate the arguments brought forward by both Hume and Popper and in the end side with the both of them and disagree with induction. What is InductionRead MoreThe Scientific Theory Of Science1489 Words   |  6 Pages Science is based on fact through the processes of falsification. It is a utility function in society and is widely consistent with the evidence of history and practice of rational thinking. Progress in science since the fourteenth century has been revolutionary and valuable in the methods used for rationality and reasoning. Scientific methods that are used to establish rationality is due to the simple, general and rigorous explanations of the phenomena, (Diamond, 1998). This essay will explore theRead MoreAristotle s Theory Of Science And Philosophers Essay2075 Words   |  9 PagesExplain and analyse Popper’s falsificationism Science and philosophers such as Karl Popper work together to uncover scientific truths about the world, and are thus necessary for the advancement of our scientific knowledge. While scientists design and undertake experiments with the aim of obtaining results to verify or disprove a hypothesis, it is philosophy that often determines which factors determine the validity of these found results (Shuttleworth, 2008). The validity is measured through theRead MoreKarl s Views On Social Science1848 Words   |  8 PagesKarl Popper became a popular philosopher in the twentieth century, known for his emphasis on empirical falsification while studying the social sciences. He rejected previously popular views from the prewar era, namely Historicism, which focuses on only historical evidence in the observation of political and social events. In his book, Popper Selections, Popper vehemently opposes ideas such as historicism, collectivism, utopian principles, and the Marxian ideology. Popperâ⠂¬â„¢s emphasis on empirical falsification

Saturday, May 9, 2020

Designing Innovative New Style At Sho Noodle Bar - 1850 Words

I am working as a manager in restaurant named Sho Noodle Bar which is under reputed company named Crown situated at Yarra River in Melbourne CBD.Shà ² Noodle Bar is located on the main gaming floor. Marvel as the chefs create fabulous South East Asian cuisine in the Shà ² kitchen with the unique flavours from our selection of noodles, Dim Sum, wok dishes and roasts. You can also experience the sublime flavours of our 24 relaxing teas from China and Taiwan in our tea lounge. However, we decide to change the menu items on a customer demands and according to maintain our standard. Vision Mission Our vision and mission is to create innovative new style cuisine and customer dining experience is wonderful. We long to keep the company financially healthy enough to gain impartial and responsible. Organizational values We place the customer experience at the heart of everything we do: -Our customers are the reason for our existence. We demonstrate our appreciation by providing them with high quality food and superior service in a clean, friendly, great value. Our goal is quality, service, cleanliness and value (QSC V) for every customer, every time. We are committed to our people: - we offer the opportunity to cultivate talent, develop leaders and reward achievement. We believe that a well-trained team of people with different backgrounds and experiences, working together in favor of respect and promotion of a high level of participation of environment, for our continued success. We

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

ASDA Free Essays

Undertaking 1 Investigate the Planning and Range of Tools and Techniques involved in developing a Market Strategy. Using selling rules, theories and constructs critically evaluate a scope of tools and techniques used by a retail shop of your pick. You should get down with general rating of their selling scheme and so see each of the followers: An appraisal of the importance and the usage of information in their selling scheme. We will write a custom essay sample on ASDA or any similar topic only for you Order Now An analysis of how the planetary context has been incorporated into their selling scheme. A contemplation on how the retail shop has embraced e-business schemes in their selling. Introduction The Planning and Range of Tools with Techniques are involved in developing a Market Strategy. Using selling rules, theories and constructs critically I am about to measure a scope of tools and techniques used by a ASDA. The general rating of their selling scheme is to be found sing each of the followers: the importance and the usage of information in their selling scheme. an analysis of how the planetary context has been incorporated into their selling scheme. a contemplation on how ASDA has embraced e-business schemes in their selling. Company Profile ASDA was started with the vision of the establishing male parents to do it a one halt store for all the demands of the consumers. The company is one of the well known supermarket ironss located in the UK. It has on offer nutrient, vesture every bit good as general ware points for its consumers. In 1999 the company came together with Wal-Mart. The history of the company goes back in clip to the 1920s. At that clip the Asquith household owned a meatmans store at Knottingely in West Yorkshire. The two brothers in the household, Fred and Peter took over the concern and were besides the laminitiss of ASDA. At the same clip another company with the name of Craven Dairies ltd was formed with the aid of a group of West Riding Dairy Farmers. In 1949 the companies merged to set up the Associated Dairies A ; Farm Stores Ltd. It was merely in 1965 that the company got its present name when Associated Diaries came together with Asquith. As per records of 2007 the company has a portion of 16.8 % in the food market market of UK. The format of the ASDA shops is simple with green and white colourss. After it became one of the subordinates of Wal-Mart there were many ace centres opened by both the companies jointly. At present there are a sum of 21 such supermarkets in UK entirely. In 2003 the company brought into the market â€Å" ASDA life † which was the first general shop of the company. It sold a scope of merchandises including vesture, toys, place electronics, wellness merchandises, homewares, every bit good as beauty merchandises. The company has joined custodies with the Compass group that has java stores in a few of the shops of the company. In 2006 ASDA introduced ASDA Necessities that stocked the merchandises of the company. This served to vie with the other price reduction supermarkets in the part. However the shop was closed down in 2007. The company besides has its online shop that started in 1998. It sells points in a figure of classs including travel, amusement, furniture, electrical, gifts, nomadic phones, and flowers. The company besides sells its ain trade name of dressing known as George. In 2007 the company launched ASDA electrical that focused on electrical merchandises. This is to vie with Tesco Direct of Tesco. ASDA has been reported to be one of the best known companies to work for. There is a price reduction of 10 % on all the goods that are purchased by the staff from the company. Besides in December there is a dual price reduction twenty-four hours wherein the staff members are allowed a price reduction of 20 % on their purchases. The company strives to do shopping at the shops an gratifying experience for the clients. The company has many disablement every bit good as family-friendly services that are available at all the shops that guarantee that the company is able to provide to the different demands of the clients. Facts: * ASDA employs about 160,000 employees. * At the present ranks second among the retail ironss in the state. * The company has 365 shops across the Earth. Strategic And Operational Plans ASDA prepared a new strategic program that was endorsed by the so Minister for Sport and Tourism ( The Hon Jackie Kelly MP ) in September 2001. The 2001-2005 Strategic Plan prescribes ASDA ‘s: * future way ( vision ) ; * runing environment ( mission ) ; * strategic discovery issues ( ends ) ; * schemes ( aims ) ; * values ( runing ethos ) ; and * cardinal public presentation indexs ( steps ) . Reappraisal Selling Plan To supply goods/services that are inexpensive and low-cost to consumers or the populace. cut downing the cost aims of their items/products recycling their waste boxing their merchandises good back uping voluntary services ASDA leads the manner in giving UK clients the merchandises they want at the lowest monetary values and continue to widen the monetary value spread between our rivals. We have ever been committed to maintaining monetary values low, something our clients value and acknowledge. SWOT Analysis ASDA is the 2nd largest food market retail in UK where as Wal-Mart is the largest in the United States, with an estimated 20 % of the retail food market and consumables concern, every bit good as the largest plaything marketer in the U.S. It besides owns and operates the North American Company of Sam ‘s Club. Wal-Mart operates in Mexico as Walmex, in the UK as ASDA, and in Japan as Seiyu. It has wholly-owned operations in Argentina, Brazil, Canada, Puerto Rico, and the UK. Wal-Mart ‘s investings outside North America have had mixed consequences: its operations in South America and China are extremely successful, while it was forced to draw out of Germany when its venture there was unsuccessful. Wal-Mart has been criticized by some community groups, adult females ‘s rights groups, grassroots organisations, and labour brotherhoods, specifically for its extended foreign merchandise sourcing, low rates of employee wellness insurance registration, opposition to brotherhood representation, and alleged sexism. Strengths. A house ‘s strengths are its resources and capablenesss that can be used as a footing for developing a competitory advantage. 1. Wal-Mart is a powerful retail trade name. It has a repute for value for money, convenience and a broad scope of merchandises all in one shop. 2. Wal-Mart has grown well over recent old ages, and has experienced planetary enlargement ( for illustration its purchase of the United Kingdom based retail merchant ASDA ) 3. The company has a nucleus competency affecting its usage of information engineering to back up its international logistics system. For illustration, it can see how single merchandises are executing country-wide, store-by-store at a glimpse. IT besides supports Wal-Mart ‘s efficient procurance. 4. A focussed scheme is in topographic point for human resource direction and development. Peoples are cardinal to Wal-Mart ‘s concern and it invests clip and money in developing people, and retaining a developing them. Failings. The absence of certain strengths may be viewed as a failing. 1. Wal-Mart is the World ‘s largest food market retail merchant and control of its imperium, despite its IT advantages, could go forth it weak in some countries due to the immense span of control. 2. Since Wal-Mart sell merchandises across many sectors ( such as vesture, nutrient, or stationary ) , it may non hold the flexibleness of some of its more focussed rivals. 3. The company is planetary, but has has a presence in comparatively few states Worldwide. 4. In some instances, a failing may be the impudent side of a strength. Take the instance in which a house has a big sum of fabrication capacity. While this capacity may be considered a strength that rivals do non portion, it besides may be a considered a failing if the big investing in fabricating capacity prevents the house from responding rapidly to alterations in the strategic environment. Opportunities. The external environmental analysis may uncover certain new chances for net income and growing. To take over, merge with, or organize strategic confederations with other planetary retail merchants, concentrating on specific markets such as Europe or the Greater China Region. 1. The shops are presently merely trade in a comparatively little figure of states. Therefore there are enormous chances for future concern in spread outing consumer markets, such as China and India. 2. New locations and shop types offer Wal-Mart chances to work market development. They diversified from big ace Centres, to local and mall-based sites. 3. Opportunities exist for Wal-Mart to go on with its current scheme of big, ace Centres. Menaces. Changes in the external environmental besides may show menaces to the house. 1. Bing figure one means that you are the mark of competition, locally and globally. 2. Bing a planetary retail merchant means that you are exposed to political jobs in the states that you operate in. 3. The cost of bring forthing many consumer merchandises tends to hold fallen because of lower fabrication costs. Manufacturing cost have fallen due to outsourcing to low-priced parts of the World. This has lead to monetary value competition, ensuing in monetary value deflation in some scopes. Intense monetary value competition is a menace. 2.7 Decisions The concern sector in which ASDA works is extremely competitory. Supermarkets need to maintain clients loyal. ASDA keeps them loyal by holding a good consequence in the topographic points in which it works. 2.8 Recommendations This subdivision outlines future actions. The Recommendations should:  § Be action orientated, and executable  § Relate logically to the Decisions ( i.e Conclusion 4.1 should take to Recommendation 5.1 )  § Be arranged in order of importance  § Be compendious 2.9 Mentions 2.10 Appendixs Appendixs contain information that is excessively complex to include in the study. You need to direct readers to this information, as in â€Å"Appendix A provides an overview of the bing company hierarchy† . How to cite ASDA, Essay examples

Tuesday, April 28, 2020

Prophet Muhammad Life

Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) is the greatest role representation of all humankind. He had exceptional qualities and characteristics. He was an incredible parent, an immense statesperson, moderator, and a religious chief.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Prophet Muhammad Life specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Prophet Muhammad had a perfect and absolute sound intellect. There is no man who has ever had a sound intellect as Prophet Muhammad. He had complete knowledge of the divine scriptures. The prophet (Pbuh) had the capability to correct disturbing behaviors, put into operation policies, and smack examples. He was an example of the model to which all people could recount to in all twigs of information. He learned regulations of heredity, medicine, acts of adoration, and pedigree without probing or analyzing the scriptures of Quran or scripts of his ancestors. God informed Prophet Muhammad of the things that wou ld come in the future and things that had taken place in the past (Al-Sheba, 2006). Prophet Muhammad did things for the sake of God. He would do activities through which he would seek God’s gratification. He was debilitated and ill treated when he requested and called the community to Islam (Al-Sheba, 2006). According to Abdul-Kareem al-Sheba, (2006) Prophet Muhammad was always sincere. He was honest in everything he did as God had ordered him. Allah said that his prayer, means of forfeiture, life, and death are for God. According to Mustafa as-Sibaa, (2003) Prophet (Pbuh) had considerable companionship, ethics, and morals. He was an existing paradigm for everyone to go after. Aisha, the Prophet’s wife was asked about his behaviors, and she said that the Prophet’s etiquette were the Quran. She meant that he abided by the commandments and laws of the Quran. The prophet observed the righteous activities stated in the Holly book. The prophet said that God had sent him to perfect upright behaviors and to do ideal activities. Prophet Muhammad was polite. He showed high-quality conduct to all people including young children. Whenever he was in a meeting, he was brought a drink, and he drank. He appreciated the elderly people but was not ready to upset the feelings of the young lad in the gathering (Mahnaz and Ali, 2010).Advertising Looking for research paper on religion theology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More According to Mahnaz Heydarpoor and Mohammad Ali Shomali (2010), Prophet Muhammad had a love for reconciliation and reformation. Each time a circumstance occurred which called for resolution, he would come quickly to settle it. When he found that the people of Qubaa had a misunderstanding about a certain issue, he hurriedly went to initiate peace and settle the matter. According to Abdul-Kareem al-Sheba, (2006) the prophet (Pbuh) would always recommend virtuous deeds and provoke evi l deeds. If he saw a deed, which goes against the principles of Quran, the Prophet (Pbuh) would take the necessary measures to curb the suitable. He reached for a man wearing a gold ring and removed it off his finger. He told people to use their hands, tongues, and hearts to change wicked dealings. Prophet Muhammad had a love for purification. A friend passed by him when he was cleansing. When he greeted the Prophet (Pbuh) with God’s name, he did no respond. He said that he did not like to mention God’s name while he was not in a purified state (Mustafa, 2003). The prophet (Pbuh) would always safeguard and mind a person’s language. He would constantly remind himself of God’s name. He did not utter anything in hopelessness. He would cut down his speech and elongate his prayers for God. He was always to ready to lend a hand and carter for the needs of the less fortunate people in the society (Al-Sheba, 2006). According to Abdul-Kareem al-Sheba, (2006), the prophet (Pbuh) always excelled in acts of worship. His wife, Aisha said that the prophet would pray throughout the night. When A’ishah asked him why, the prophet (Pbuh) told her that he was an obliged slave of God. According to Mustafa as-Sibaa ‘ie, (2003), Prophet Muhammad had strong faith and dependence on God. He and his companions face relentless temptations from the nonbelievers. The prophet (Pbuh) reminded his companions that the will of God should reign and that the nonbelievers will be defeated. When the Prophet(Pbuh) and Abu Bakr went to the cave to hide after they planned to migrate to Madeenah, Makkah’s nonbelievers sent troops to search for them, but it was all in vain. The prophet (pbuh) was always kind and compassionate. He was the kindest person and showed kindness to all people including children. His treatment of infants shows the prophets kindness (Pasha, 2012). The prophet (pbuh) prayed to God while holding Abul-Aas’s daughter Umaamah, a n infant girl. He put her down as he bowed and carried her when he stood (Mahnaz and Ali, 2010).Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Prophet Muhammad Life specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Prophet Muhammad was always cooperative. He was not a God’s messenger who commanded his companions and believers to do what God expected of them. He accomplished his activities helped others in communal responsibilities (Mahnaz and Ali, 2010). Prophet Muhammad was renowned for his reliability and trustworthiness (Mahnaz and Ali, 2010). The nonbelievers of Makkah would give their treasure to the prophet (Pbuh). The prophet’s reliability came to test when the nonbelievers of Makkah ill-treated the King, tormented his friends and forced them out of their residences. Works Cited Al-Sheba, Abdul-Kareem. Muhammad (Pbuh), the messenger of God. April 2006.Web. Mahnaz, Heydarpoor and Mohammad Ali. Moral Characteristics of the Prophets. June 2010. Web. Mustafa, As-Sibaa‘ie. The life of Prophet Muhammad. Rabwa: Islamic Publishing House. 2003. Print. Pasha, Kamran. The Mercy of Prophet Muhammad. Sept 2012. Web. This research paper on Prophet Muhammad Life was written and submitted by user Nolan W. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.

Friday, March 20, 2020

An Interesting Coming of Age Ritual in Germany

An Interesting Coming of Age Ritual in Germany This weekend my soon to be 14-year-old son took part in a ceremony that I had known only from my knowledge about the German Democratic Republic (GDR), the Jugendfeier also known as Jugendweihe.   A quick history of this coming of age ritual It marks the coming of age of the participants with a memorable celebration and it thought as an alternative to religious initiations like the Kommunion and Firmung (Catholic Church) or Konfirmation (Protestant Church) where children declare that they choose to be self-declared members of these churches. While the concept is from 1852, the Jugendweihe was adopted in 1954 by the socialist GDR and turned into a ritual where the young had to make an oath (scroll to the end of this article to find the oath with translation into English) in favor of the socialist state. The Jugendfeier nowadays does not require the participants to make any vow or swear an oath. The only tradition that has survived the GDR is that they all get a rose and a book with thought provoking texts about becoming an adult.  You can read a bit more about this event that still is popular among former inhabitants of the GDR or their descendants here on Wikipedia. From a fathers experience We took part in this event due to the fact that my son Simon goes to a school in the Eastern part of Berlin with many parents that still seem to feel some (N)Ostalgy  and brought this topic up in class. As 20 out of 28 classmates of Simon wanted to participate in it, we didn’t want him to stand out and asked him whether he’d like to participate or not. At that age it is important for him to be part of the group and so he decided for it.   As I was born in Western Germany and had gone through a rather Catholic education and initiation I didn’t have any idea what to expect but neither had I any rejection of that idea nor was I much excited about it. I took Simon to parachute jumping last year which we inofficially declared to mark his transition into an adolescent. His mother, originating from Poland, another formerly socialist country, didn’t really know the Jugendweihe either but we were on the same track regarding our participation. Its seems still pretty popular The fact that we had to register for the event in 2013, almost 18 months ahead of time, shows how popular it still is. There were also several seminars planned that would cover certain topics of adolescence and start a thought process in the children about who they wanted to be and become. Many of those seminars where also thought to be lead or at least organized by the parents. But this task seemed to be more difficult than many had hoped. In those months until the Jugendweihe, Simon took part probably in two events and I didn’t really get the impression that he took much from it. In socialist times, those preparations would have been organized by the state and would have included quite some propaganda.   Its not the ritual, its what you make of it I’m not blaming others. I understand that our lack of deeper interest and conviction in the sense of such an initiation also had a huge influence on everything. Another parent with more enthusiasm would have described this experience probably quite differently.   When the great day came, we were invited with approximately 2000 other people to meet at the Friedrichstadtpalast, a revue theater in the evening. There the Humanistischer Verband Deutschlands (HVD, Humanistic Organisation of Germany) had organized quite a show with professional dancers and singers and has managed to get some popular entertainers like e.g. Joko Winterscheidt or actress Anna Loos to leave a few encouraging words to the children. My interim conclusion Parts of it I personally found a bit over the top and it all was a bit surprising as neither of us really knew what to expect of that day. On the other hand it was mainly entertaining and short enough to enjoy it and the message for the young participants was to trust in themselves, to question authority and to understand that with growing up they will be confronted with new rights and obligations in their life. I can’t really object to that, can you? The rest of the day As everything started at 8.30h on Saturday morning, we were home by noon and both families (my son’s mother remarried a while ago and has two little adorable daughters today) had a nice brunch   in a cafà © next door and then just enjoyed the rest of the day with my half of the family. A unique experience I am very thankful to have been able to witness this event. In a way it was inpiring, though I would have also enjoyed a more humble approach to it all. Coming of age is a challenge for all members of the family and I would have integrated the parents and siblings way more into the preparation. But as I don’t expect others to take care of my responsibilities, my overall experience was a positive one. I hope you enjoyed this little insight into the German culture and I would like to know what you do in your culture to mark the coming of age of your children. If you are religious: do you consider the existing religious rituals to also cover the coming of age or is it rather focussing on being a more responsible member of your church/religion? Das à ¶ffentliche Gelà ¶bnis   The public oath of the GDR Jugendweihe (not in use nowadays) (as found first on this page  which also contains many more information on the topic of GDR but unfortunately only in German language.)  My translation is at times very literally so that you can also learn something about the German sentence structure and grammar here. Where a literal translation would be difficult or impossible to understand, I have put a more comprehensible version into parenthesis. Liebe junge Freunde!Dear young friends. Seid ihr bereit, als junge Bà ¼rger unserer Deutschen Demokratischen Republikare you ready as young citizens of-our German Democratic Republic mit uns gemeinsam, getreu der Verfassung,  with us together, according the constitution fà ¼r die große und edle Sache des Sozialismus zu arbeiten und zu kmpfenfor the big(ger) and noble cause of-the Socialism to work and to fight und das revolutionre Erbe des Volkes in Ehren zu halten, so antwortet:  and (to keep) the revolutionary heritage of-the Nation in honor to keep, so answer: Ja, das geloben wir!Yes, this-is-what we pledge! Seid ihr bereit, als treue Sà ¶hne und Tà ¶chter  Are you prepared, as faithful sons and daughters unseres Arbeiter-und-Bauern-Staates nach hoher Bildungof-our workers- and peasant nation (to strive) for higher education und Kultur zu streben, Meister eures Fachs zu werden,  and culture (to strive), (to become) Master of-your (professional) discipline, unentwegt zu lernen und all euer Wissen und Kà ¶nnen fà ¼r die Verwirklichung  incessantly to learn and all (to utilise) your knowledge and skill for the realization   unserer großen humanistischen Ideale einzusetzen, so antwortet:  of-our grand humanistic ideals (to utilise), so answer: Ja, das geloben wir!Yes, this-is-what we pledge! Seid ihr bereit, als wà ¼rdige Mitglieder der sozialistischen Gemeinschaft  Are you ready, as worthy members of-the socialist community stets in kameradschaftlicher Zusammenarbeit, gegenseitiger Achtung  always (act) in companionate cooperation, mutual respect und Hilfe zu handeln und euren Weg zum persà ¶nlichen Glà ¼ckand help (to act) and (to always unite) your path to personal fulfillment immer mit dem Kampf fà ¼r das Glà ¼ck des Volkes zu vereinen, so antwortet:  (always) with the struggle for happiness of the nation (lit.: the people), so answer: Ja, das geloben wir!Yes, this-is-what we pledge! Seid ihr bereit, als wahre Patrioten die feste Freundschaft mit der Sowjetunion  Are you prepared as true patriots, the steadfast friendship with the Sovjet Union weiter zu vertiefen, den Bruderbund mit den sozialistischen Lndern zu strken,  further to deepen, the brotherly association with the socialist countries to strengthen, im Geiste des proletarischen Internationalismus zu kmpfen,  in-the spirit of-the proletarian internationalism to fight, den Frieden zu schà ¼tzen und den Sozialismus gegen jeden imperialistischen Angriffthe peace to protect and the socialism against every imperialistic attack zu verteidigen, so antwortet:  to defend, so answer: Ja, das geloben wir!Yes, this-is-what we pledge! Wir haben euer Gelà ¶bnis vernommen.  We have heard (lit.: perceived) your pledge. Ihr habt euch ein hohes und edles Ziel gesetzt.  You have (set) yourselves a high and noble goal (set). Feierlich nehmen wir euch auf in die große Gemeinschaft  Solemnly take we you in, into the grand collective des werkttigen Volkes, das unter Fà ¼hrung der Arbeiterklasse  of-the working nation, that under the leadership of the working class und ihrer revolutionren Partei, einig im Willen und im Handeln,  and her revolutionary party, united in will (intention) and acting die entwickelte sozialistische Gesellschaft  (errects) the developed socialist community in der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik the German Democratic Republic (errects). Wir à ¼bertragen euch eine hohe Verantwortung.  We transfer to-you a huge responsibility. Jederzeit werden wir euch mit Rat und Tat helfen,  At-any-time will we (help) you with advice and deed (help), die sozialistische Zukunft schà ¶pferisch zu gestalten.(to design) the socialist future creatively (to design).

Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Fusion Definition (Physics and Chemistry)

Fusion Definition (Physics and Chemistry) The term fusion refers to key concepts in science, but the definition depends on whether that science is physics, chemistry, or biology. In its most general sense, fusion refers to synthesis or to the joining of two parts. Here are the different meanings of fusion in science: Key Takeaways: Fusion Definition in Science Fusion has several meaning in science. In general, they all refer to the joining of two parts to form a new product.The most common definition, used in physical science, refers to nuclear fusion. Nuclear fusion is the combination of two or more atomic nuclei to form one or more different nuclei. In other words, it is a form of transmutation that changes one element into another.In nuclear fusion, the mass of the product nucleus or nuclei is lower than the combined mass of the original nuclei. This is due to the effect of binding energy within the nuclei. Energy is required to force the nuclei together and energy is released when new nuclei form.Nuclear fusion may be either an endothermic or exothermic process, depending on the mass of the initial elements. Fusion Definitions in Physics and Chemistry Fusion means combining lighter atomic nuclei to form a heavier nucleus. Energy is absorbed or released by the process and the resulting nucleus is lighter than the combined masses of the two original nuclei added together. This type of fusion may be termed nuclear fusion. The reverse reaction, in which a heavy nucleus splits into lighter nuclei, is called nuclear fission.Fusion may refer to the phase transition from a solid to a light via melting. The reason the process is called fusion is because the heat of fusion is the energy required for a solid to become a liquid at that substances melting point.Fusion is name of a welding process used to join two thermoplastic pieces together. This process may also be called heat fusion. Fusion Definition in Biology and Medicine Fusion is the process by which uninuclear cells combine to form a multinuclear cell. This process is also known as cell fusion.Gene fusion is the formation of a hybrid gene from two separate genes. The event may occur as the result of a chromosomal inversion, translocation, or interstitial deletion.Tooth fusion is an abnormality characterized by the joining of two teeth.Spinal fusion is a surgical technique that combines two or more vertebrate. The procedure is also known as spondylodesis  or  spondylosyndesis. The most common reason for the procedure is to relieve pain and pressure on the spinal cord.Binaural fusion is the cognitive process through which auditory information from both ears is combined.Binocular fusion is the cognitive process through which visual information is combined from both eyes. Which Definition to Use Because fusion can refer to so many processes, its a good idea to use the most specific term for a purpose. For example, when discussing the combination of atomic nuclei, its better to refer to nuclear fusion rather than simply fusion. Otherwise, its usually obvious which definition applies when used in the context of a discipline. Nuclear Fusion More often than not, the term refers to nuclear fusion, which is the nuclear reaction between two or more atomic nuclei to form one or more different atomic nuclei. The reason the mass of the products is different from the mass of the reactants is due to the binding energy between atomic nuclei. If the fusion process results in a nucleus lighter in mass than the isotopes iron-56 or nickel-62, the net result will be an energy release. In other words, this type of fusion is exothermic. This is because the lighter elements have the largest binding energy per nucleon and the smallest mass per nucleon. On the other hand, fusion of heavier elements is endothermic. This may surprise readers who automatically assume nuclear fusion releases a lot of energy. With heavier nuclei, nuclear fission is exothermic. The significance of this is that heavier nuclei are much more fissionable than fusible, while lighter nuclei are more fusible than fissionable. Heavy, unstable nuclei are susceptible to spontaneous fission. Stars fuse lighter nuclei into heavier nuclei, but it takes incredible energy (as from a supernova) to fuse nuclei into elements heavier than iron!

Sunday, February 16, 2020

Operations Strategy - Rolls Royce Coursework Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 2500 words

Operations Strategy - Rolls Royce - Coursework Example evising operational strategies but more sustainable initiatives are to be taken up in these processes so as to ensure higher strategic reconciliation of the objectives and resources of the company with the demands arising in the broad environment of the company. The operations strategies of a company have become critical for the success, sustainability and profitability of the business in the current complex, dynamic and intensely competitive corporate world. The report is commenced discussing the background of the case company and by providing an overview of the company in the current scenario. This is followed by a review of the literary works prepared and published by scholars and academicians in the arena of operations management and operations strategy. The different theories and concepts related to operations strategy are then applied and related to the operations strategy and operations management done in Rolls Royce Plc. A section of the report is dedicated to the discussion of the strengths and weaknesses of the company in employing its operational strategies. The report is suitably concluded by highlighting the important findings from the study and by making suitable recommendations for improving the operations management of Rolls Royce Plc. for ensuring higher sustainability, competiveness and success in the future years of the business. Rolls Royce Plc. is a multinational company which started the business with automobile manufacturing and later entered into the foray of aero engine manufacturing. The company was found in the year 1906 by Charles Stewart Rolls and Sir Frederick Henry Royce as a form of partnership venture. Rolls Royce Plc. in the current market provides integrated power and engine solutions to customers in the civil, aerospace and defence markets along with the production of high end automotive. Rolls Royce Plc. is highly renowned for the superior manufacturing and engineering quality of the products and is also well known for the